TerpTopics: "CLOZE SKILL"  Introduction to ASL and Sign Language Interpreting.
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The word cloze comes from the word closureYahoo Education says closure is, "A bringing to an end; a conclusion:"  But, what does cloze mean?

,

,"Based on or being a test of reading comprehension

in which the test-taker is asked to supply words

that have been systematically deleted from a text."

                                                                                                  
  - Yahoo Education definition of CLOZE

,

Cloze means to supply missing words in order to complete the sentence.  It is important that interpreters have clozure skills.

Each of us uses clozure to "fill in the blanks" several times each day.  Why do people use clozure?  Generally, we use clozure when we didn't hear or didn't understand a word, or if we're simply not paying attention.

Interpreters must develop and manage cloze skills, so let's take a closer look at how it all works.

,

WHY DO INTERPRETERS NEED CLOZE SKILLS?,

,

Not HeardHuh?

1. You might not hear a phrase or word if a speaker momentarily lowers his or her voice:

during an aside, such as when a lecturer says "Next slide, please" to the media specialist.

during an embedded clause: "Harriet, the previous treasurer, was a maniac about recording ledger entries promptly."

during an editorial remark; an employee says, "Yeah, right." when the boss promises better bonuses next year.

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2. Noise can be problematic for professional interpreters.  Sound can (and often does!) get in the way, causing the interpreter to miss words or phrases.  Sources of such sounds include:

ambient (environmental) noise, such as air conditioners, machinery, nearby people;

message source noise, such as the speaker's sneeze or cough;

the interpreter's internal noise, like tinnitus, self-criticism, or worry about getting lost on the return trip home.

Clearly, interpreters experience any number of occurrences that hinder hearing.

,

Not Understood

Maybe you heard the word, but didn't understand it.  Here are a few reasons you might hear but not understand what was said:

jargon or lingo specific to a particular group or location;

foreign idioms that were directly translated but not interpreted;

speech accent or dialect of the speaker; or   

scholarly or formal register vocabulary.


Word Cloud "Clozure"


CLOZE SKILLS

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PREDIC ... TION <grin>

Because you know the topic under discussion, you have already thought about the words and phrases that are likely to be used.

 

CONTENT KNOWLEDGE

Because you are familiar with the sky, if you should hear, "I couldn't believe it!  That cloud was absolutely the only cloud in the whole bright ____ sky," you think the speaker might have said the word blue.  After all, you don't recall seeing many bright and striped skies or bright and melancholy skies.

 

USE OF DISCOURSE FLOW

Speakers tend to say the same thing but in different ways.  Here's an example:

"Please return _______ after the break.  We have a lot to cover in
the next segment, so the sooner we get _____ the better."

 

COMMON SENSE

You hear, "Each year since 1986, American Rivers has released its _______ endangered rivers report."  You know the speaker did not say semi-annual or biennial, because s/he said each year.  S/he's probably not talking about occasionally endangered rivers or suspiciously endangered rivers.  Perhaps the speaker said annual.

 

PRACTICE

Ready for a little fun with clozure?  Try the following:


___ John Brown was twenty-five ___ old, he ___ a bank and killed the two ___ ___ tried to arrest him.  Two days later, he was caught, convicted ___ murder, and ___sentenced ___ death.  John Brown appealed ___  the judge ___ mercy, but the judge ___ his decision.

 


fi yuo cna raed tihs, yuo hvae a sgtrane mnid too.

I cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg. The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mind! Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it dseno’t mtaetr in waht oerdr the ltteres in a wrod are, the olny iproamtnt tihng is taht the frsit and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae.

The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it whotuit a pboerlm.
Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Azanmig huh? Yaeh, and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt!


This page was edited: 09/13/2009
This page has been visited Hit Counter times since: July 17, 2008.
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TerpTopics™ is an independent entity; as such does not claim or attempt to claim, represent, or imply by any means whatsoever that it is associated with any other entity that may or may not offer services, goods, or information of interest to interpreter, Deaf, or student communities.  The opinions expressed here those of TerpTopics unless otherwise stated.  Please keep in mind that, while every effort is made to present correct, appropriate, and reasonable information that is based on our experience, anecdotal experiences of others, or developed during the general course of study and professional development, we do not represent TerpTopics as having cornered the market on wisdom (heck, no!) or experience; one reason why links to several other good and reliable resources are made available throughout this site, and we hope that earnest seekers of knowledge will take advantage of them.

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